Thursday, 21 August 2014

DALMATIAN


DALMATIAN
NON-SPORTING DOG GROUP
AVERAGE MAX HT 24"
SOMEWHAT STUBBORN
BLACKw WHITE,LIVER w/ WHITE SPOTTED
LARGE SIZE
AVE MIN HT 19"
TEMPERAMENT BALANCED
SHEDS A LOT
AVE MAX WT 65 POUNDS
OUTDOOR EXERCISE 60 MIN/DAY
MODERATELY PROTECTIVE
GROOMING 3X A WEEK
AVE MIN WT 50 POUNDS
INDOOR ENERGY LEVEL HIGH
SHORT COAT
AVE FOOD COST P1,200 / MO.
Description:  The Dalmatian is a distinctively spotted dog; poised and alert; strong, muscular and active; free of shyness; intelligent in expression. He is capable of great endurance, combined with speed.  A friendly, outgoing dog,  he will make a excellent companion for anyone who has the time to exercise and train him.  He will bond very closely with his owner, more so than other breeds and will exhibit separation anxiety when left alone. Dalmatian puppies are born all white and begin to develop their spots by ten to fourteen days.
History:   His name is taken from Dalmatia, part of the former Yugoslavia.  Coming from Dalmatia, a region on the Adriatic Sea north of Albania.  It was in Britain that he became well established as a dog of the British aristocracy, running alongside their horse-drawn carriages.  He has been used as a watchdog, draft dog, shepherd, ratter, bird dog, trail hound, retriever, circus and stage performer and of course as a firehouse mascot.  His registration doubled following the 1959 film "101 Dalmatians."

Friday, 8 August 2014

BREED STANDARD SHAR-PEI


GENERAL APPEARANCE

The shar-pei is a compact dog of medium size, square in profile with a well proportioned head slightly but not overly large for the body. It has a harsh coat and loose skin.


TEMPERAMENT

Calm, independent, affectionate, aloof, loves company.

HEIGHT

18-20 Inches at the withers

HEAD

Large in proportion to the body, a flat skull,broad,moderate stop. Length from nose to stop approximately equal to length from stop to occiput.Fine wrinkles on top of the head tapering down the muzzle. Muzzle broad and full with no tapering. The lips and top of the muzzle well padded, causing a slight bulge at the base of nose. Bottom jaw appears wider than the top due to padding of lips, nose large and wide.

EYES

Dark, medium size almond shaped with a frowning expression. Amber and lighter colours permissible in paler coated dogs. Free from entropion.

EARS

Very small, rather thick, triangular in shape, slightly rounded at the tip and set high on the skull with tips pointing towards the eyes. Set well forward over eyes wide apart and close to the skull

NECK

Medium length, strong full set well on shoulders with loose skin under the neck.


BODY

Height at withers approximately equal to the length from point of shoulders to point of buttock. Depth of brisket approximately half of height at withers. Chest broad and deep, back short and strong.Topline dips slightly behind withers then rises over short broad loin. Adults have moderate wrinkling over the shoulders and base of tail

TAIL

Rounded, narrowing to a fine point. Base set very high. May be carried high and curved, carried in a tight curl or curved over.

FOREQUARTERS

Muscular shoulders, well laid and sloping, elbows close to body. Forelegs straight moderate length, good bone, pasterns slightly sloping, strong and flexible.

HINDQUARTERS

Muscular strong, hocks without excessive wrinkle.

FEET

Moderate size, compact, toes wellknuckled.Fore and hind dewclaws may be removed.


COAT

Extremely harsh straight and off standing on the body but flatter on the limbs.No undercoat.There are three coat types horsecoat which is extremely short and may give you a rash if rubbed against, brush coat which varies from around half inch to inch. Bear coat which is much longer giving the appearance of a chow chow, and this coat is not to breed standard although does look very nice.


MOUTH

Tongue, roof of mouth, gums and flews solid bluish black. Pink or spotted tongue is undesirable. Dogs with self coloured pigment and amber or light eyes would have a lavender tongue. Teeth strong with a perfect regular scissor bite ie, upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw. Padding of lower lip should not be so excessive so as to interfere with the bite.

GAIT

Free, vigorous and balanced, rear single tracking is normal at fast trot.

COLOUR

All solid colours, black and various shades of fawn more desirable for the show ring.


NOTE
Males to have two apparently normal descended testicles.

About the breed Shar-pei

The Shar-pei is believed to have originated in southern China and has been traced to the han dynasty ( 206 BC - AD 220 ).

It was originally used to hunt wild boar, protect livestock and guard the homes of its owners.


For centuries the Shar-pei was a particularly prized for its intelligence, if this trait was not so evident then the dog was slaughtered and eated.


In 1947 taxes were so high(bit like now) that few people could afford to keep a pet and the chinese government ordered all dogs to be destroyed. Fanciers in Hong Kong are credited with saving the breed.

It is believed that the Chow Chow has played a big part part in the Shar-pei,both breeds sharing a blue tongue.

The Tibetan Mastiff and other Mastiff breeds have also played there part in the Shar-pei.

The Pyrenean mountain dog could also have some part to play as they are born with double dew claws as do some Shar-pei.

A close ancestor of the breed is the Dah-let fighting dog. It's jaws were big and powerful and it's stiff coarse coat was uncomfortable to hold onto making other dogs let go.




SHAR PEI HEALTH



All breeds have potential health problems, here are a few associated with the Shar pei.


EYE TACKING & ENTROPION
This is were the eyelids roll in on itself rubbing the cornea and irritating the dogs eyes. If left untreated the scarring caused by the rubbing on the cornea can make the dog go blind.

A simple eye tack will sort this out. Do not have a puppy operated on for entropion until it has finished growing as you can cause more harm than good.
Try to use a Shar pei friendly vet who knows about the breed.

 

EAR INFECTIONS
Due to shar pei having small ears this makes the ear canal very narrow and sometimes causes infections.

Routine cleaning is advised, but never poke things down your dogs ears.
A simple ear cleaning solution either from your pet store or vet will do fine.

Signs of a sore ear are shaking the head, scratching, hot to the touch, redness and sometimes  a smell and discharge. At this point take your dog to see your vet as tablets will also be needed for the infection.

 

MANGE
A common skin complaint. It is caused by a mite that lives on the skin and irritates the dog making him scratch and become sore and moth eaten.
Use a prescribed shampoo from your vet.

 

SKIN ODOUR
Sometimes a yeast infection can cause your Shar pei to have a bad odour, consult your vet.
 
 
 
LUXATING PATELLAR
This is were the knee cap slips out of place and causes the dog to limp.
The condition can be put right with a opperation, but the dog should not be bred from as this can be a hereditary condition.
  
  
 
SHAR PEI BLOAT
This can kill your dog within half an hour. It is common in deep chested breeds.

The stomach swells from the gasses that are in there then twists on itself cutting of the blood supply.

Signs that you dog has this are he may look distressed and will probably be stood with his back arched. The stomach will be hard to touch.
You must get to the vet ASAP.

Feeding your dog 2-3 times a day instead of one large meal will help this condition, also limit food and water post exercise.
Feed dishes elevated so as dog is not bending down to eat.
 
 
 
FAMILIAR SHAR PEI FEVER
Any dog showing the signs of this ailment should not be bred from.

The dog will appear unwell, have a high temprature,and will not want to move.
Swelling of the hock joints and painful swollen muzzle, there may be vomiting and diarrheoa. All this usually starts in dogs less than 24 months but can happen at any time.

The fevers can last up to 36 hours. Keep the dog in a quite place and give something to bring the temperature down, an asprin every 8 hours normally helps.

Amyloid is a stress protein which is normally excreted in the urine, however in some Shar pei it builds up in the spaces around the kidney cells and eventually chokes them to death.

This condition is similar to one in humans called Familial mediterranean fever.
A low protein diet is advisable to try to eradicate this problem.